Education trajectories and effects on labour market outcomes of women, and minorities: Evidence from the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Linkage Platform (ELMLP)

Elena Hillman
Taylor Noriko Paul
Michael Haan
Wolfgang Lehmann
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While a growing body of literature looks at the labour market outcomes of apprentices in Canada (see Frank and Frenette 2019; Gunderson and Krashinsky 2015; Jin, Paul, and Haan, 2020), the pool of research examining entry into and out of various programs of study, the demographic profile of apprentices, and who is more likely to complete their training is much more limited. This is an important area of study, as developing and maintaining a skilled workforce in Ontario is essential for a robust economy equipped with opportunities for workers of various backgrounds (Paquin 2009; Winter 2020). Apprenticeship training programs and certifications, for instance, act as a means of providing skills and knowledge to future tradespeople, thereby allowing them to enter the labour market in lucrative employment positions. Tradespeople are a particularly important driving force for a healthy economy in Canada, as they are found in almost every industry (Statistics Canada 2020).