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Research Article

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Education trajectories and effects on labour market outcomes of women, and minorities: Evidence from the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Linkage Platform (ELMLP)

September 2022

Authors: Elena Hillman (University of Western Ontario), Taylor Noriko Paul (University of Western Ontario), Michael Haan (University of Western Ontario), Wolfgang Lehmann (University of Western Ontario)

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Executive Summary

An important and under-researched aspect of developing a skilled workforce in Canada are the pathways taken by students into and out of PSE and apprenticeships, and, more specifically, how student mobility factors into completion rates. Drawing on Statistics Canada’s Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform (ELMLP), this research project analyzes the students who pursue apprenticeships; what lateral and vertical transfer pathways students take into and out of various postsecondary education (PSE) institutions in Ontario; and the sequencing of these transfers. In addition, this study examines the destinations of individuals exiting apprenticeship programs, including vertical transfers into other apprenticeship programs, divergent transfers into colleges and/or university programs, and direct-entry into the labour market.


  • Student decisions, experiences, and outcomes
  • Program pathways, course transfer, and prior learning
  • Equity, diversity, inclusion, and accessibility
  • Indigenous
  • Public policy